Pakistan scans Google, other sites for blasphemy
Pakistan will monitor seven major websites, including Google and Yahoo, to block anti-Islamic links and content, an official said Friday. Seventeen lesser-known sites are being blocked outright for alleged blasphemous material.
The moves follow Pakistan’s temporary ban imposed on Facebook in May that drew both praise and condemnation in a country that has long struggled to figure out how strict a version of Islam it should follow.
Both the Facebook ban and the move announced Friday were in response to court orders. The sites to be monitored include those of Yahoo Inc., Google Inc. and its YouTube service, Amazon.com Inc. and MSN, Hotmail and Bing from Microsoft Corp., said Pakistan Telecommunication Authority spokesman Khurram Mehran.
“If any particular link with offensive content appears on these websites, the (link) shall be blocked immediately without disturbing the main website,” Mehran said.
Google spokesman Scott Rubin said the company intends to monitor how Pakistan’s new policies affect access to its services, which include the world’s most popular search engine and the most widely watched video site, YouTube.
“Google and YouTube are platforms for free expression, and we try to allow as much … content as possible on our services and still ensure that we enforce our policies,” Rubin said.
Yahoo called Pakistan’s actions disappointing. The company is “founded on the principle that access to information can improve people’s lives,” Yahoo spokeswoman Amber Allman said.
Microsoft senior policy counsel Chuck Cosson said in a statement that the company is “committed to protecting fundamental rights to free expression while also offering services that delight the customer and are responsive to social policy concerns.”
Cosson said governments that restrict Web content should do so in ways that are transparent and publicly accountable.
Amazon didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment.
Mehran said an example of one of the 17 sites being blocked include islamexposed.blogspot.com, which is a blog created through Google’s Blogger service. That site features postings with headlines such as “Islam: The Ultimate Hypocrisy” and links to anti-Islam online petitions.
Mehran said that, under instructions from the Ministry of Information Technology, the authority had begun the process of barring and monitoring the various sites.
Facebook was not part of the latest petition ruled upon by the judge in the city of Bahawalpur, Mehran said.
It was not possible late Friday to obtain a copy of the judge’s order. Attempts to get comments from the affected companies also were not immediately successful.
A top court ordered the ban on Facebook for about two weeks in May amid anger over a page that encouraged users to post images of Islam’s Prophet Muhammad. Many Muslims regard depictions of the prophet, even favorable ones, as blasphemous. YouTube also was briefly blocked at the time.
The Facebook ban was lifted after the social-networking company blocked that particular page in Pakistan, but officials said at the time that the government would keep blocking some other, unspecified sites that contain “sacrilegious material.”
The Facebook controversy sparked a handful of protests across Pakistan, many by student members of radical Islamic groups. Some of the protesters carried signs advocating holy war against the website for allowing the page.
It also sparked a good deal of soul-searching, especially among commentators, who questioned why Pakistanis could not be entrusted to decide for themselves whether or not to look at a website.
Some observers noted that Pakistan had gone further than several other Muslim countries by banning Facebook, and said it showed the rise of conservative Islam in the country. Created in 1947 as a homeland for Muslims, Pakistan has swung away from moderate Sufi Islamic influences common to South Asia toward the more rigid version of the faith found in the Arab world.
It was not the first time that images of the prophet have sparked anger.
Pakistan and other Muslim countries saw large and sometimes violent protests in 2006 after a Danish newspaper published cartoons of Muhammad, and again in 2008 when they were reprinted. Later the same year, a suspected al-Qaida suicide bomber attacked the Danish Embassy in Islamabad, killing six people.