Thailand’s smart city plans en route to Industry 4.0
- Developing urban centers into smart cities is one of the core pillars of the ambitious Thailand 4.0 digitalization drive currently underway in the Kingdom
Thailand is forging ahead with its plans to become a developed digital hub in the Southeast Asian region, as part of its Thailand 4.0 policy that was outlined way back before the pandemic, in 2019.
The COVID-19 situation did, however, highlight to what extent that digital tools and enhancements could play in a city, as Thailand relied on both 5G networking technology and 5G-enabled tech enhancements to support overwhelmed public health services even early on in its pandemic response.
As one of the regional economies on the path towards Industrial Revolution 4.0 (or Industry 4.0) maturity, Thailand is restructuring itself into a value-based, innovation-driven economy by looking towards future economic trends – and as part of the Thailand 4.0 roadmap, one of those trends is to modernize urban centers in the country into smart, sustainable cities.
The Smart City concept, according to the Bangkok Post daily, is “a core pillar of the Thailand 4.0 policy that the country is pursuing, as part of its 20-year national development plan. The country aims to boost the digital capacity of its city management ecosystem, while preserving Thailand’s unique social fabric, as well as enhancing the quality of life for urban residents. Moreover, the plan looks to further encourage locals in the participation of the future development of their city.”
As part of the smart city drive, an organization called the National Charter of Thailand (NCT) has been tasked with planning the sustainable development of the nation’s cities. The NCT has developed a blueprint for creating “smart blocks”, experimental zones comprising of 0.25 square kilometers, in communities where physical ‘smart’ infrastructure such as sensor connectivity and the Internet of Things (IoT) will be deployed to gather data and to gauge public acceptance for increased tech adoption.
The development of smart blocks is already underway in 6 out of thirteen municipalities: Chiang Mai, Nakhon Sawan, Udon City, Khon Kaen, Rayong City, and Patong City. These experimental zones will utilize all-in-one “smart poles” embedded with IoT sensors to gather traffic data, to make designated areas more pedestrian-friendly placing priority on pedestrians, followed by cyclists, public transport users, and finally private car users.
What does this mean for Thai businesses?
Thailand’s smart city development will not only accelerate investment and create employment across various modern industries, in line with Thailand 4.0 objectives to generate more than 475,000 jobs as originally intended. Notable tech developments can be expected in various areas like IoT, artificial intelligence, big data and smart grid energy management, but will also impact related city departments, from waste management to energy plants, smart energy, design and smart construction.
One of the key features of the Smart City vision is improving connectivity among devices, places, and transportation infrastructure. To enable such communication to take place, reliable baseline technology like sensors, cloud computing, and reliable internet connections are required – which Thailand is rapidly exploring as part of its Thailand 4.0 digitization push.
Driven primarily by consumer-related needs, the IoT market in Thailand is forecast to reach a value of US$2.19 billion by 2030. This rapid growth in IoT adoption among all smart electronic segments in the country, highlights just what a vast opportunity IoT represents as a market in Thailand.
A recent Asia IoT Business Platform survey ranked Thailand as highest among all ten ASEAN countries for corporate IoT implementation.